By Halford J. Mackinder
1919 observed the e-book of 2 significant polemical works: The financial results of the Peace by means of John Maynard Keynes and Democratic beliefs and Reality by way of Halford J. Mackinder. the previous is legendary, the latter less so - however it used to be its personal method a prophetic e-book.
Mackinder's message, his caution - addressed to the peacemakers at Versailles - used to be memorably summarized therefore: 'Who principles East Europe instructions the Heartland: / Who principles the Heartland instructions the World-Island: / Who ideas the World-Island instructions the World.'
Mackinder contended that strength was once transferring from the sea-borne empires to international locations that encompassed the nice land plenty: jap Europe he certain as 'the geographical pivot of history.' His thesis made a awesome influence on German geopolitician Karl Haushofer who was once keenly learn, in flip, by way of Hitler. yet Democratic beliefs and Reality has persevered as a serious research of imperial objectives and geographical realities.
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Democratic Ideals and Reality by Halford J. Mackinder