By Barry E. Smith,Raymond L. Richards,William E. Newton
Biological nitrogen fixation presents greater than 50% of the complete annual enter of the basic point nitrogen to global agriculture. therefore, it's of big agronomic significance and demanding to meals provides, fairly in constructing nations.
This publication, with chapters authored through across the world popular specialists, offers a finished and targeted account of the interesting heritage of the method - together with the marvelous discoveries of molybdenum-independent nitrogenases and superoxide-dependent nitrogenase; a evaluation of Man's makes an attempt to emulate the organic technique - such a lot effectively with the commercially dominant Haber-Bosch strategy; and the present country of the knowledge paintings with appreciate to the enzymes - known as nitrogenases - accountable for organic nitrogen fixation.
The preliminary chapters use a ancient method of the organic and business approaches, through an outline of assay methodologies. the following set of chapters makes a speciality of the classical enzyme, the molybdenum nitrogenase, and information its biosynthesis, constitution, composition, and mechanism of motion in addition to detailing either how versions of its part proteins are developed by way of recombinant DNA expertise and the way computational strategies are being utilized. the subtle chemical modelling of the metal-containing clusters within the enzyme is reviewed subsequent, via an outline of the 2 molybdenum-independent nitrogenases - first, the vanadium-containing enzyme after which the iron-only nitrogenase - including a few concepts as to why they exist! Then follows an up to date remedy of the basically "non-classical" houses of the superoxide-dependent nitrogenase, which extra heavily resembles molybdenum-containing hydroxylases and comparable enzymes, like nitrate reductase, that it does the opposite nitrogenases. each one bankruptcy comprises an intensive checklist of references.
This booklet is the self-contained first quantity of a complete seven-volume sequence. No different on hand paintings offers the up to date and in-depth assurance of this sequence and this quantity. This e-book is meant to function an necessary reference paintings for all scientists operating during this zone, together with agriculture and the heavily similar metals-in-biology sector; to aid scholars to go into this not easy region of study; and to supply technology directors quick access to important proper details.
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Extra resources for Catalysts for Nitrogen Fixation: Nitrogenases, Relevant Chemical Models and Commercial Processes (Nitrogen Fixation: Origins, Applications, and Research Progress)
Catalysts for Nitrogen Fixation: Nitrogenases, Relevant Chemical Models and Commercial Processes (Nitrogen Fixation: Origins, Applications, and Research Progress) by Barry E. Smith,Raymond L. Richards,William E. Newton